Pediatric Developmental Disorders

Information Covered:

  1. Pediatrics Developmental Disabilities
    1. Impaired or insufficient development of the brain that causes an inability to learn at the usual rate (developmental delay)
    2. Causes include the following:
      1. Unsatisfactory parental interaction
      2. Severe vision or hearing impairment
      3. Mental retardation
      4. Brain damage
      5. Severe diseases of body organs and systems
      6. Congenital anomalies
    3. Signs of developmental delay
    4. Accommodations that may be necessary when providing patient care include allowing adequate time for obtaining a history, performing assessment and patient management procedures, and preparing the patient for transport
    5. Down Syndrome
      1. Features of the patient with Down syndrome:
      2. Cellular etiology
      3. Special considerations
    6. Autism
      1. Features of the patient with Autism:
      2. Etiology
      3. Special considerations
  2. Emotionally impaired
    1. People with emotional impairments include those with the following:
      1. Neurasthenia (nervous exhaustion)
      2. Anxiety neurosis
      3. Compulsion neurosis
      4. Hysteria
    2. Special considerations
      1. Signs and symptoms that may result from emotional impairment
      2. Complete history and examination
      3. Prehospital Management
      4. Emotionally/mentally impaired (EMI)
        1. IQ assessment as:
          1. Mild (IQ 50 to 70)
          2. Moderate (IQ 35 to 59)
          3. Profound (IQ less than 20)
        2. Special considerations
  3. Physical Needs/Challenges
    1. Hearing Impairments
      1. Deafness
      2. Sensorineural deafness
      3. Hearing impairments
        1. Mixed hearing loss
        2. Sensorineural hearing loss
      4. Special considerations
        1. Use of hearing aids
    2. Visual Impairments
      1. Normal vision
      2. Visual impairments
      3. Special considerations
    3. Speech impairments
      1. Speech impairments include disorders of language, articulation, voice production, or fluency (blockage of speech), all of which can lead to an inability to communicate effectively
      2. Speech
        1. Language disorders.
        2. Language learning disabilities.
        3. Language processing disorders.
        4. Semantic-pragmatic disorders.
        5. Articulation disorders.
        6. Phonological process disorders.
        7. Motor speech disorders
    4. Paraplegia/Quadriplegia
      1. Define Paraplegia
      2. Define Quadriplegia
      3. Causes:
      4. Both paraplegia and quadriplegia are accompanied by a loss of sensation and may have loss of urinary and or bowel control
      5. Special considerations


Content Creator: Ariel Wai
CAPCE Course Number: 21-EMTP-F3-6302
NJ Course Numbers: 141121
Total CE Hours: 1
Level: Basic
EMT-CE uses the NEMSES guidelines as the foundation for every course outline.