Genitourinary & Renal Emergencies

Genitourinary & Renal Emergencies

Information Covered:

  1. Introduction
    1. Review of  genitourinary System
      1. General anatomy
      2. Functions of the urinary system
  2. Renal Diseases
    1. Overview of renal conditions
      1. Pathophysiology
      2. Incidence, morbidity, and mortality
    2. Assessment findings and symptoms for renal failure
      1. Acute
      2. Chronic renal failure
      3. End stage renal disease
    3. Dialysis
      1. Peritoneal dialysis
      2. Special considerations for hemodialysis patients
        1. Obtaining B/P
      3. Complications/Adverse effects of dialysis
      4. Missed dialysis treatment
    4. Management for a patient with acute renal condition, chronic renal conditions with acute exacerbations or dialysis problems, or end stage renal disease.
      1. Management
  3. Urinary System Conditions
    1. Urinary retention—pathophysiology, incidence, causes
    2. Urinary tract infection (UTI)-- pathophysiology, incidence, causes
      1. Blood in urine
      2. abdominal pain--suprapubic
    3. Management
  4. Renal calculi (kidney stones) - pathophysiology, incidence, causes.
    1. Assessment findings and symptoms
    2. Management
  5. Acid base disturbances- pathophysiology, incidence, causes.
    1. Assessment findings and symptoms
    2. Management
  6. Fluid and electrolyte- pathophysiology, incidence, causes.
    1. Assessment findings and symptoms
    2. Management
  7. Infection- pathophysiology, incidence, causes.
    1. Assessment findings and symptoms
    2. Management
  8. Male genital tract conditions
    1. Review of male reproductive system anatomy and physiology.
    2. Blunt trauma to external genitalia
      1. Assessment findings and symptoms
      2. Management
    3. Epididymitis or orchitis-- pathophysiology, incidence, causes
      1. Assessment findings and symptoms
        1. Enlarged testes
        2. Swollen groin on affected side
        3. Testicular pain that worsens with bowel movement
        4. Fever
        5. Urethral discharge
      2. Prehospital management
        1. Supportive
        2. Analgesics may be needed
    4. Fournier’s gangrene- pathophysiology, incidence, causes
      1. Assessment findings and symptoms
      2. Management
    5. Structural conditions
      1. Phimosis or paraphimosis-- pathophysiology, incidence, causes
      2. Priapism- pathophysiology, incidence, causes
      3. Benign prostate hypertrophy (BPH)- pathophysiology, incidence, causes
      4. Testicular masses-- pathophysiology, incidence, causes
      5. Testicular torsion-- pathophysiology, incidence, causes
        1. Assessment findings and symptoms
        2. Management
  9. Consider age-related variations for pediatric and geriatric patients

 

Content Creator: Ariel Wai

CAPCE Course Number: 17-EMTP-F3-1204

Total CE Hours: 0.75

Level: Advanced

EMT-CE uses the NEMSES guidelines as the foundation for every course outline.